On the debates on populism

Authors

  • Fernando Dores Costa Institute of Contemporary History, Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas, Universidade Nova de Lisboa https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1849-8009

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.48487/pdh.2021.n12.24968

Keywords:

populism, elitist democracy, people, George Sorel, anticommunism

Abstract

Populism is founded on the social effectiveness of a simple opposition between the “people” and the “politicians” accused of taking the state to their advantage. This opposition does not include a criticism of social structuring, considered as a dimension of a “natural” quality, but only the denunciation of abuses. This tradition of “simplicity” is illustrated in the “myth” in Georges Sorel or in the “people” in Ernesto Laclau. It is still the “simplicity” found in the identification of an enemy as diabolical, in the tradition of the image of the “free-masons” and “jacobins” or of anti-communism. In order to be socially perceived and experienced by many people, a conflict has to appear as a cleavage between two and only two forces.

Published

2021-07-07

How to Cite

Costa, F. D. . (2021). On the debates on populism. Práticas Da História. Journal on Theory, Historiography and Uses of the Past, (12), 161–179. https://doi.org/10.48487/pdh.2021.n12.24968

Issue

Section

Essays